Review the State Departmentâs webpage on security for LGBTI+ travelers. Immunization levels among the local population have deteriorated seriously, and all travelers should ensure that they have received full series of all childhood immunizations before arrival in Venezuela. storage facilities for seized goods, COMANPI has had to work with the Venezuela's high crime rates have been attributed to corruption among Venezuelan â¦ Kidnapping remains a problem in municipalities near the border with Colombia, particularly in the states of TÃ¡chira and Zulia. Nationwide criminal developments in 2019 include that the state of Miranda now ranks as the most violent state in Venezuela, with Bolivar now in the second position. It also serves as Venezuelaâs representative to INTERPOL. ranked Venezuela 133 out of 141 countries, and 141, The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological violence in the home or community and at work. the drug trade by some high-level Venezuelan government officials. Violence in the context of political protests has mainly involved government security forces and civilian government sympathizers against peaceful opposition demonstrators, and is unlikely to become widespread. carry your prescription medication in original packaging with a doctorâs The state of Miranda had the highest number of protests (1,355) in 2019. The Capital District (1,290), MÃ©rida (1,255), TÃ¡chira (1,128), and BolÃvar (1,054) rounded out the top five. Regime-owned or -associated media and supporters of the former regime promote Zionist conspiracy theories. All travelers should consider yellow fever vaccination except those only visiting the following regions: Aragua, Carabobo, Miranda, Vargas, Yaracuy, Distrito Federal (including Caracas), the city of Valencia, and high-altitude areas. Avoid fruit you cannot peel, and all raw vegetables. This year, Venezuela has had a rate of 81.4 homicides per 100,000 people, he said. of crimes, officers will generally respond to ongoing emergencies. not arrive until many hours after the initial call. regularly, Interested Unions have also become increasingly involved in the theft of raw material and equipment inside companies. U.S. deteriorating economic conditions dramatically reduce the effectiveness of the Pro-government unions dominate the public sector, with many workers pressured into membership. Several small seismic readings registered throughout Venezuela in 2019. Venezuelaâs main national investigative body, CICPC is roughly equivalent to areas that had not had cases for many years. Venezuela experiences protests and work stoppages by unions across both the public and private sectors. Officers from local police or Bolivarian National Guard (GNB) generally staff the checkpoints. password. Venezuela murder/homicide rate for 2016 was 56.30, a 9.05% decline from 2014. Caracas, but are unable to provide the coverage necessary to deter violent Before you travel, consider the following resources: The contents of this (U) report in no way represent the policies, views, or attitudes of the United States Department of State, crimes. It is common practice to ignore traffic lights, especially after dark. Spanish word in Venezuela for motorcyclist, motorizado) According to a report by risk consultancy G4S, the International Monetary Fund predicted an inflation rate of 1,640 percent in 2017 for Venezuela. If you are the victim of a crime, Unfortunately, their staffs often do not speak English. Venezuela once boasted Latin America's richest economy - boosted by the biggest â¦ This vulnerability often led transgender and intersex persons to become victims of human trafficking or prostitution. Because original OSAC reporting, consular messages, and contact information, some of Avoid fruit you cannot peel, and all raw vegetables. does not have national standards for accessibility. This is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office for the U.S. Embassy in Caracas. Review OSACâs report, Surviving a Protest. Venezuelaâs crime rating is listed as âcriticalâ by the United States Bureau of Diplomatic Security. SEBIN and DGCIM (the military counterintelligence agency) also serves as the Venezuelan governmentâs civilian intelligence and counterintelligence agencies. Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards for oversight of Venezuelaâs Traveler's Enrollment Program (STEP). Taxi drivers in Caracas have overcharged, robbed, injured, and even kidnapped passengers. SEBIN also serves as the Venezuelan governmentâs civilian According to the Venezuelan Observatory of Social Conflicts (OVCS), a local NGO that monitors strikes, protests, and unrest noted that there were a record 16,739 protests across the country during 2019. Colombia where the FARC and the ELN operate with impunity. private sectors. passengers, aircraft, and crew traveling to or from the country. Private clinics/hospitals are the only recommended facilities. The ELN has reportedly held victims captive on the Venezuelan side of the border in recent years, though in most cases the abduction itself has taken place in Colombia. Operators speak Spanish. Venezuela does not have national standards for accessibility. In 2019, Venezuela experienced a marked increase in civil unrest and spontaneous protests because of the lack of food and/or basic services, including the lack of electricity/public transportation, poor working conditions, and increased criminality. However, various antimalarial prophylactics are available by prescription and can reduce risk of infection by up to 90%. The Department of State is unaware of any large-scale terrorist attacks or actions recently carried out in Venezuelan territory. laws. hours in a waiting room. A decline in oil revenue has made it increasingly hard for the government to continue to manage the country, which means Maduro may only be able to give more modest rewards to loyalists. ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. Clashes between these groups and local law enforcement are rare. confirmed cases of measles in nine states: Bolivar, Capital District, Miranda, the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation. There are no reports of religious When arriving on an incoming flight, set up a meeting place inside the terminal where you can connect safely with the driver. The law also establishes womenâs bureaus at local police headquarters and tribunals specializing in gender-based violence, and two-thirds of states have specialized courts. In Caracas, the occasional unscheduled march through a busy Police or guardsmen may search vehicles stopped at checkpoints. Due to security concerns and continued activity of elements associated with dissident groups of the former Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and leftist guerrilla National Liberation Army (ELN), along with the presence of fuel smugglers and other organized criminal groups, U.S. Embassy employees did not travel within 50 miles of the 1,000-mile Venezuelan-Colombian border without prior authorization (before the embassy suspended operations). Violent crime > Gun crime > Guns per 100 residents: Number of privately owned small firearms per 100 residents. security forces. with the FARC or ELN also engage in drug trafficking and other illicit Exercise a heightened level of caution in Venezuelan waters. Limited reports of harassment of U.S. Heavily armed criminals have used grenades and assault rifles to commit crimes at banks, shopping malls, public transportation stations, and universities. The U.S. Embassy in Caracas COMANPI can only act based on a complaint by a copyright holder; it cannot carry out an arrest or seizure on its own initiative. Clashes between these groups and local law enforcement are rare. The Department of State is unaware of any large-scale terrorist attacks or actions recently carried out in Venezuelan territory. Incidents of looting remain a key risk for companies with assets on the ground. various other Venezuelan law enforcement agencies. Venezuela - Crime With a murder rate of 130 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, Caracas is generally considered the most dangerous city in Latin America, if â¦ However, the FAA notice, released based on the current Unfortunately, their staffs often do not speak English. Picture This: Dos and Donâts for Photography. Media reports often identify police abuse and police Business dealings with government officials are not ideal. Review OSACâs reports, Road Safety Abroad, Driving Overseas: Best Practices, and Evasive Driving Techniques; and read the State Departmentâs webpage on driving and road safety abroad. Use only those located in well-lighted, public places. Crude production has fallen more than 70% since December 2014 to below 700,000 barrels of oil a day, according to OPEC data. There is also evidence of involvement in Deaths of people at the In response, the regime has cemented commercial and political ties with Cuba, China, and Russia. Although vehicle State Department's Travel Advisory for up to date information. Venezuela is prone to earthquakes and Indigenous groups regularly report violent conflicts with miners and cattle ranchers over land rights. A lack of adequate resources for the Last year alone, Caracas had more violent deaths than Baghdad. Competitiveness Report ranked Venezuela 127 out of 138 countries in LGBTI events in Venezuela. Deaths of people at the hands of the police or military authorities under the argument that they resisted authority increased in a remarkable and worrying way. Lootings are likely to worsen as electricity and water rationing increases on the back of nationwide power outages such as the one that lasted a week in March 2019. The real culprit for the rampant crime in Venezuela is socialism.. A recent Forbes article detailed the ways in which the Venezuelan economy is on the brink. governmentâs tax authority (SENIAT) has been more successful at enforcing IPR The State Department recently added a. The Bolivarian National Guard (GNB) is part of the Venezuelan armed forces and reports to the Defense Ministry. Ensure you have sufficient quantities of all medications for the duration of your stay. In recent elections, media outlets Mike, I just returned from Magarita Island last week. GNB provides support for drug investigations and anti-drug operations while also providing security at Venezuelaâs borders, ports, and airports. Report any incident to the American Citizen Services (ACS) Unit at the U.S. Embassy in BogotÃ¡ at ACSBogota@state.gov. Violent crime > Murder rate: Intentional homicide, number and rate per 100,000 population. The CDC offers additional Antimano, Tacagua, Ruiz Pineda, Caricuao, La Quebradita, El Atlantico, Sarria, Interested otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. Corruption appears to have reached record levels in recent years, with government institutions becoming increasingly criminal in nature, including activities such as rampant corruption in the state-controlled food distribution, active black market dollar trading, gasoline smuggling, drug trafficking, illegal gold mining, and other activities. Review OSACâs report, Security In Transit: Airplanes, Public Transport, and Overnights. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Venezuela. and sympathizers were all present in Venezuela, U.S. citizens in country are Venezuelan government officials have Venezuela murder/homicide rate for 2012 was 53.80, a 12.55% increase from 2011. Other problems include the politicization of many government institutions, and an increasing criminalization of institutions, as bureaucrats demand bribes in foreign currency for performing basic services. Private travelers should prearrange airport pickup or drop-off with more favorable than the official exchange rates. Popular tourist attractions, such as the Avila National Park in Caracas, are associated with violent crime. Venezuela does not release official crime statistics. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSACâs. Publishing or traffic law mandates that individuals involved in a traffic accident not move (Why the earlier statistics between Chile and Venezuela vary so wildly, given that they were both Spanish colonies with presumably similar backgrounds, is a matter for another blog post.) especially after dark. medical conditions will require medevac to the United States. For publication assesses Venezuela at Level 4, indicating travelers should not Operators speak Spanish. have robbed or kidnapped a number of passengers, even when going from the Because of safety and security concerns, the following neighborhoods of Caracas were off-limits to U.S. employees of the Embassy unless they had special permission: In the western part of Libertador municipality: El Retiro, 23 de Enero, Blandin, La Vega, La Rinconada, Las Mayas, Tazon, Oropeza Castillo, Lomas de Urdaneta, Propatria, Casalta, Lomas de Propatria, Carapita, Antimano, Tacagua, Ruiz Pineda, Caricuao, La Quebradita, El Atlantico, Sarria, La Candelaria, San Martin, Coche, El Valle and La Yaguara. Shows how much people think the problem in their community are property crimes (home broken, car theft, etc. Venezuela again remained on the Priority International Airport (CCS). English-speaking physicians available in Venezuela. Criminals target ATMs to rob people making withdrawals. northern coast of Venezuela on August 21, 2018. property thefts and muggings. suffers from years of neglect and is deteriorating across the country. The constitution prohibits discrimination based on âsex or social condition,â but it does not explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. Purchase CDC-recommended topical repellants before arrival in Venezuela. an effort to combat the rapidly rising crime rate. concern. Although it technically is a national police force, and airspace of Venezuela at altitudes below FL 260 by all U.S. air carriers Authorities Low limits on ATMs issuing local currency mean that criminals are more likely to force their victims to hand over cash or valuables from their homes. lack of enforcement against counterfeiting and piracy, both physical and Most ATMs do not accept U.S.-issued debit or credit cards, and malfunctions are common. Paulo Sexto, and El Llanito. for information on what you cannot take into or out of other countries. There The Embassy has previously received credible occasional reports of violence against Venezuelaâs small indigenous population. Tap water in Venezuela is not potable. The most significant recent incident was a 7.3 earthquake that shook the open sources and (U) embassy reporting. Shows how much people think the problem in their community are property crimes (home broken, car theft, etc. assessment page. The document was compiled from various Figures expressed per million people for the same year. The Venezuelan economy will likely contract by 39% this year, according to estimates from Oxford Economics given a precipitous decline in oil output. Venezuelan authorities have reported confirmed cases of measles in nine states: Bolivar, Capital District, Miranda, Monagas, Delta Amacuro, Apure, AnzoÃ¡tegui, and Vargas. Industrial Property Law; the status of trademarks registered under the Andean Strongly consider supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation (medevac). Tensions have increased not just in the form of anti-Maduro protests, but also by people demanding better public services, including water, electricity, medicine, and food. For all these reasons, the Embassy requires its voters. The number of people going out in public is down due to the decline in the number of things to do or buy/sell; the country experienced an incredible devaluation of its currency in 2019; and millions of Venezuelans emigrated to other countries because they no longer saw a viable way to live in Venezuela. Travel in groups of five or more, and provide family or friends with your itineraries prior to departure. sufficient quantities of all medications for the duration of your stay. The CDC recommends that travelers to Venezuela have the anti-capitalist, âanti-imperialist,â and Chavista. registration paperwork, along with proof of insurance and an identity document Este, Ojo de Agua, La Naya, and Las Minitas. Police large-scale terrorist attacks or actions recently carried out in Venezuelan They are armed and have expressed a willingness to use weapons to âdefend Chavismo,â a radical left-wing ideology based on the personality of former President Hugo Chavez; it is not always clear what they identify as the threats facing Chavismo, or how they would seek to defeat the threats. All anti-corruption campaigns launched by Maduro have served as cynical maneuvering with political ends to give a rotating roster of loyalists a chance to profit from pervasive corruption rather than genuine reform efforts. The violence in Guarico state has increased so dramatically that it is now among the five most violent states in the country. the checkpoints. Be aware of the widespread theft of credit card data. Driving facilities fail, private clinics have become severely overtaxed and crowded. Checkpoints are common on Venezuelan roads, especially during inter-city trips. The government plans to increase the size of the PNB so that it can operate across the country, but there is no clear timeline for the proposed expansion. resisted authority increased in a remarkable and worrying way. Corruption takes many forms, from motorists bribing traffic police to allegations of bribes and kickbacks in the allocation of government contracts. However, the FAA notice, released based on the current The CDC recommends that travelers to Venezuela have the following up-to-date vaccinations at least four weeks before traveling to Venezuela: measles/mumps/rubella (MMR); diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus (DPT); polio; hepatitis A; hepatitis B; typhoid; rabies; and yellow fever (for travelers over nine months of age). Drug trafficking is a serious problem in Venezuela, and Venezuelan authorities treat it as such. Officers from local police or Bolivarian National Guard (GNB) generally staff the checkpoints. In Venezuela, it is illegal to take to flow through Venezuela to markets in the United States and Europe. While such actions on the part of SENIAT When arriving on an incoming flight, set up a meeting In Baruta municipality: Las Minas, Santa Cruz del Be aware of criminal attacks in tunnels, and avoid obstacles in the road. Your session will expire soon and log you out. What began as an economic recession in Venezuela has quickly escalated into a humanitarian crisis where one must fight to survive. It has taken action against some businesses importing or selling pirated Would you like to continue with this session or log out? Anchoring offshore is not safe. situation, takes precedence. drivers seldom obey them. The Embassy has Reported incidents were most prevalent against transgender individuals. Review OSACâs reports, The Healthy Way, Traveling with Medication, Shaken: The Donâts of Alcohol Abroad, Health 101: How to Prepare for Travel, and Fire Safety Abroad. Nationwide criminal developments in 2019 include that the state of Miranda now ranks as the most violent state in Venezuela, with Bolivar now in the second position. In the Eastern part of Sucre municipality: Barrio The Embassy is unaware of any Use extreme caution, and avoid large gatherings and accidents involving the transportation of hazardous chemicals are rare, when private-sector security managers should, U.S. citizens in Venezuela in need Exercise a heightened level of caution Significant attacks or acts of vandalism for political reasons affecting private-sector assets and government-owned infrastructure will continue to be rare. areas around the terminal (e.g. or the United States Government, except as otherwise noted (e.g., travel advisories, public statements). Marinas, including those in Puerto la Cruz and Margarita Island (Porlamar), provide only minimal security. The World Economic Forumâs 2019 Global Competitiveness Report ranked Venezuela 133 out of 141 countries, and 141st (worst in the world) in intellectual property protection. goods based on presumed tax evasion. standstill. In the past, the Venezuelan governmentâs tax authority (SENIAT) has been more successful at enforcing IPR laws. 2018. There were 5,375 protests for basic services and 4,756 worker actions demanding wage improvements. Criminal activity at CCS is significant. Bridges occasionally collapse, and roads sometimes crumble or wash away, creating major traffic disturbances in the affected region. Local militants are likely to engage in non-combat activities, including fundraising through legitimate businesses and front organizations such as Islamic charities; procuring weapons or false documents; and providing rest and recreational facilities for militants traveling through the region. Candidates for political office call supporters to marches and public gatherings during national and municipal elections. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). FARC in the border region between Venezuela and Colombia continues to be a Traffic in Caracas is heavy at most times of the day, Local police and private security forces have allegedly prevented LGBTI+ persons from entering malls, public parks, and recreational areas. NGOs reported the Maduro regime systematically denied legal recognition to transgender and intersex persons by preventing them from obtaining identity documents required for accessing education, employment, housing, and health care. Venezuela recently added a kidnapping risk indicator to Venezuelaâs Travel Advisory. highways. Venezuela remained on the Priority Watch List in the U.S. Trade Representativeâs 2019 Special 301 Report. The Bolivarian National Police (PNB) answers to the Ministry of Interior, Justice, and Peace, and is responsible for general crime prevention and patrolling around government buildings and diplomatic facilities. It also supports drug Officers from local police or Bolivarian National Guard (GNB) generally staff Cruz and Margarita Island (Porlamar), provide only minimal security. Media reports often identify police abuse and police involvement in crimes, including illegal and arbitrary detentions, extrajudicial killings, kidnappings, and excessive use of force. These factors limited the opportunities for criminals to benefit from engaging in predatory crimes, with some news reports indicating criminals have been leaving the country as well. of electricity/public transportation, poor working conditions, and increased Since 2017, the state-owned oil company PDVSA has been in the hands of members of the National Guard, with the lack of experience/knowledge of the oil industry increasing the decline in oil output. According to United Nations, the homicides rate in Venezuela was 53.7 murders per 100,000 persons in 2012; thatâs higher than figures for many â¦ attempting to smuggle illegal drugs out of the country. SEBIN or location, and assumes no responsibility for the quality of service provided. Since 2016, Control Risks has recorded a moderate reduction in incidents, amid a deteriorating economic environment, as the BolÃvar (Venezuelaâs national currency) has depreciated to the extent that any substantial cash ransom payment is nearly impossible to transport and the cost of keeping victims captive is too expensive for many criminals. those involved in an accident may just negotiate a settlement among themselves, Low wages make it difficult to attract quality personnel. Economic, Religious, and Ethnic Violence. However, the FAA notice, released based on the current situation, takes precedence. Review OSACâs report, Understanding the Consular Travel Advisory System, The U.S. Department of State has assessed Caracas as being a. Consider the typhoid fever vaccine, administered via injection (in one dose) or orally (four doses). The vaccine is only 50-80% effective, so travelers to areas with a risk of exposure to typhoid fever, a bacterial disease, should also take hygienic precautions (e.g. The constitution prohibits discrimination based on âsex or social condition,â but it does not explicitly prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. The law criminalizes physical, sexual, and psychological violence in the home or community and at work. For more in-depth information, review OSACâs. Information about crime in Venezuela. Drug trafficking is a serious problem in ensure that they have received full series of all childhood immunizations Venezuela and treated as such by Venezuelan authorities. Candidates for political office call supporters to marches and public gatherings during national and municipal elections. provides support for drug investigations and anti-drug operations while also There Stopping at checkpoints is mandatory; prepare to show vehicle Venezuela willing to exchange bolivars for U.S. dollars at a rate significantly All travelers should check the Avoid fruit you cannot peel, and all raw vegetables. With a murder rate of 140 per 100,000 citizens, Venezuelaâs capital Caracas has the highest murder rate in South America, only exceeded in the hemisphere by Mexicoâs Ciudad Juarez. Download the State Departmentâs Crime Victims Assistance brochure. as an abundance of vehicles running on heavily subsidized gasoline (ten gallons The medical infrastructure has deteriorated in Venezuela and, as public facilities fail, private clinics have become severely overtaxed and crowded. private-sector security managers should contact OSACâs Latin America team Our Latin America correspondent Ediz Tiyansan reports from Caracas. Crime in Venezuela. Venezuela is sporadic. dangerous after receiving numerous reports of robberies and murders in the criminality. The violence in Guarico state has increased so dramatically that it is now among the five most violent states in the country. Consider Hepatitis A and B vaccines prior to travel. (FAA) has issued a notice prohibiting all flight operations in the territory and commercial operators. airport as a transit point. occur. air carrier operations. arrest or seizure on its own initiative. One major area of concern is the regularly reports on drug seizures, large quantities of illicit drugs continue There is a significant risk of and depart during daylight hours when possible. Speculation over the level of government support for such groups arises occasionally. Criminals started breaking into homes to steal items such as jewelry, electronics, and other appliances, and foreign currency. Labor-related risks continue to impair the business environment. U.S. citizens should register in the and airspace of Venezuela at altitudes below FL 260 by all U.S. air carriers is not always clear what they identify as the threats facing Chavismo, or how Be aware of the widespread theft of credit card data. Overseas Security Advisory Council Lack of Venezuela maintains a permissive environment that has allowed for support of activities that benefited known terrorist groups. Review the State Departmentâs webpage on security for travelers with disabilities. Protests involving demands for civil and political rights went from 11% of total activity in 2018 to 42% in 2019. passengers, aircraft, and crew traveling to or from the country. Please note that all OSAC products are for internal U.S. private sector security purposes only. assume responsibility for the professional ability or integrity of the persons property crimes, violent crimes, fraud, and kidnapping). Traffic in Caracas is heavy at most times of the day, as an abundance of vehicles running on heavily subsidized gasoline (ten gallons cost less than 25 U.S. cents), continue to fill the aging infrastructure of the capital city beyond capacity. teeth. Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela. Medications depend on the risk level and the strains of the virus present in the destination. Civil disruptions are common in Venezuela in general, and particularly in Caracas. would surround voting centers in opposition-leaning neighborhoods to intimidate In recent elections, media outlets reported incidents where pro-Chavista gangsters on motorcycles (known by the Spanish word in Venezuela for motorcyclist, motorizado) would surround voting centers in opposition-leaning neighborhoods to intimidate voters. While individuals linked to FARC, ELN, and Hizbâallah supporters and sympathizers were all present in Venezuela, U.S. interests have not been targets of these groups in Venezuela. Much longer assessment page, number and rate per 100,000 population so like anywhere in! The duration of your stay 's reelection comes at a time of deepening economic crisis and rising.... The high levels of criminal attacks in Venezuela and Colombia continues to rare! Anti-Drug campaign humanitarian crisis where one must fight to survive Overseas Travelerâs Guide to ATM &... 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